Japan’s Import Barriers — Agriculture and Distribution
This chapter deals with institutional import-limiting factors in Japan. Under the present international arrangements, most trade policies are required to be applied equally to both developed and developing countries. Strictly speaking therefore, as in the case of the import promotion policies discussed in Chapter 3, there is no import-limiting policy designed specifically for developing countries. This fact also determines the approach taken in this chapter. Policies which specifically affect developing countries, either positively or negatively, are relatively few and these will be discussed in Chapter 5.
KeywordsForeign Direct Investment Fair Trade Department Store Distribution Sector Price Support
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Notes and references
- 6.Y. Arikawa, Agricultural Imports — A Novel (in Japanese), Kodansha, 1987.Google Scholar
- 7.For a detailed discussion of Japan’s distribution sector, see Maruyama (1989 and 1990), the MITI report, Tsusho Sangyo Chosakai, The Vision for Distribution Industry in the 1990s (1990, Tokyo) (in Japanese), andGoogle Scholar
- Motoshige Ito and Akihiko Matsui, ‘Japanese Way of Transactions’ (in Japanese)’, in Motoshige Ito and Kazuo Nishimura, Applied Microeconomics (University of Tokyo Press, 1989).Google Scholar