Although elections are a fundamental, necessary characteristic of any democratic system, nations differ substantially in which officials are chosen via elections and in the electoral rules by which they are chosen. Even behind such general terms as single-member district system or PR, there hides a rich variety of possibilities. The first part of this chapter is thus devoted to various aspects of the electoral system in the Netherlands. We discuss which Dutch officials are elected by ballot, how the names of candidates get on the ballot, how a vote is cast (and how many people choose to do so), and how votes are counted and parliamentary seats distributed.
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