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It is possible to consider professions as just another pressure group seeking to influence public policy (see below). It is true that national-level representatives of professionals do lobby government for policy change. For example, the Royal Town Planning Institute (RTPI) and Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) were both consultees on the annex to PPG1 on ‘Aesthetic Control and Design Guidance’. And the RTPI is currently lobbying to keep waste disposal a local authority function rather than transfer it to the new EPA. But professions play a much more significant role in the policy process, for they are the recipients of much delegated power to implement and even formulate policy. The importance of the professional culture within quangos has already been noted in Chapter 8 and is explored further in Exhibit 9.1 on water management. This chapter considers the range of professions concerned with urban and environmental planning, their claims to authority and knowledge, and the values they profess.
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