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Political Culture and Modernity

  • Stephen Welch
Part of the Macmillan/St Antony’s Series book series

Abstract

The Civic Culture was one of a group of studies published by Princeton University Press in the early 1960s together comprising the heroic phase of behavioural political culture research. While The Civic Culture concentrated on the relationship of political culture to stability, particularly stable democracy, others of these Princeton studies, such as Almond and Coleman’s The Politics of the Developing Areas, and Pye and Verba’s Political Culture and Political Development,1 as their titles suggest, extended the use of the new concept to cover cases of political change. The Civic Culture, as we have seen, has implicit within it many of the ideas current at the time, for instance the empirical theory of democracy, and something similar is true of the studies that took political change as their main focus. Indeed, the similarity extends further, for their own implicit and sometimes explicit assumptions have also come to be seen as reflecting a Eurocentric or indeed Anglocentric bias. These assumptions concern the related ideas of modernization and political development.

Keywords

Modernization Theory Political Culture Political Development Modernization Process Culture Shift 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    Gabriel A. Almond and James S. Coleman (eds), The Politics of the Developing Areas (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1960)Google Scholar
  2. Lucian W. Pye and Sidney Verba (eds), Political Culture and Political Development (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1965).Google Scholar
  3. 2.
    Contrary to Barry’s assessment. Brian M. Barry, Sociologists, Economists and Democracy (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1978), p. 93. See Gabriel A. Almond and Sidney Verba, The Civic Culture: Political Attitudes and Democracy in Five Nations (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1963; abridged edn Boston: Little, Brown, 1965, repr. Newbury Park, CA and London: Sage, 1989), pp. 2Google Scholar
  4. 3.
    Cyril E. Black, Understanding Soviet Politics: The Perspective of Russian History (Boulder, CO: Westview, 1986), p. 90.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Raymond Grew, ‘More on Modernization’, Journal of Social History 14, 1980, 179–187, p. 179.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Archie Brown, ‘Introduction’, in Archie Brown (ed.), Political Culture and Communist Studies (London: Macmillan, 1984), p. 1.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Gabriel A. Almond, ‘The Intellectual History of the Civic Culture Concept’, in Gabriel A. Almond and Sidney Verba (eds), The Civic Culture Revisited (Boston: Little, Brown, 1980, repr. Newbury Park, CA and London: Sage, 1989), pp. 6–10.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Cyril E. Black, ‘Eastern Europe in the Context of Comparative Modernization’, in Charles Gati (ed.), The Politics of Modernization in Eastern Europe: Testing the Soviet Model (New York: Praeger, 1974), p. 25.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Lucian W. Pye, ‘Political Science and the Crisis of Authoritarianism’, American Political Science Review 84, 1990, 3–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 12.
    For a critique of such ‘dichotomous schemes’ see James A. Bill and Robert L. Hardgrave, Jr, Comparative Politics: The Quest for Theory (Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1981), pp. 50–57.Google Scholar
  11. 13.
    Stephen Chilton, Defining Political Development (Boulder, CO and London: Lynne Reiner, 1988), pp. 68, 76.Google Scholar
  12. 14.
    Alex Inkeles and Raymond A. Bauer, The Soviet Citizen: Daily Life in a Totalitarian Society (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press; London: Oxford University Press, 1959), pp. 383, 391.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 15.
    Margaret S. Archer, ‘Theory, Culture and Post-Industrial Society’, in Mike Featherstone (ed.), Global Culture: Nationalism, Globalism and Modernity (A Theory, Culture and Society special issue) (London and Newbury Park, CA: Sage, 1990), pp. 98–107.Google Scholar
  14. 18.
    John R. Gibbins, ‘Contemporary Political Culture: An Introduction’, in John R. Gibbins (ed.), Contemporary Political Culture: Politics in a Postmodern Age (London: Sage, 1989), p. 14.Google Scholar
  15. 22.
    See particularly Ronald Inglehart, The Silent Revolution: Changing Values and Political Styles Among Western Publics (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1977) andGoogle Scholar
  16. Ronald Inglehart, Culture Shift in Advanced Industrial Society (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1990). The latter study, a continuation of the former, but drawing on a wider range of data, will provide the basis of our discussion. Page numbers will be cited parenthetically in the text of the present section.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Stephen Welch 1993

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  • Stephen Welch

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