There is no separate body of environmental laws in England and Wales applicable to commercial buildings. Environmental laws have developed piecemeal over a long period, although the rate of development has increased rapidly since the mid-1970s as public concern about pollution has grown. The approach adopted in this chapter is to consider these laws as they apply to the various stages in the life cycle of buildings: planning, development, use and demolition. In conclusion, consideration will be given to likely future developments in environmental law, originating from both Westminster and the European Community (EC). First, however, it is worth noting the foundation underlying the most recent environmental laws, the Environmental Protection Act 1990 (EPA) and the Water Resources Act 1991, and considering what is meant by the ‘environment’ and ‘pollution’.
KeywordsLocal Authority Green Building Commercial Building Planning Authority Country Planning
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Department of Environment Consultation Paper, July 1992.Google Scholar
- 2.Rylands versus Fletcher (1868) LR3 HL 330.Google Scholar
- 3.Cambridge Water Company versus Eastern Counties Leather plc and Hutchings & Hardings Ltd (1991) QBD.Google Scholar
- 4.See Section 17 of the Control of Pollution Act 1974 and Section 62 of the Environmental Protection Act 1990.Google Scholar
- S. Ball and S. Bell, Environmental Law 1st edition (London: Blackstone Press Ltd, 1991).Google Scholar
- Department of the Environment/Welsh Office, Environmental Assessment — A Guide to the Procedures (London: HMSO, 1990).Google Scholar
- Department of the Environment/Welsh Office, The Duty of Care — DoE Circular 19/91 (London: HMSO, 1991).Google Scholar
- N. Haigh, EEC Environmental Policy and Britain 2nd revised edition (London: Longman, 1990).Google Scholar
- This Common Inheritance, Britain’s Environmental Strategy (London: HMSO, 1990).Google Scholar
- S. Tromans, Town and Country Planning and Environmental Protection Joint Planning Law Conference of the Law Society, the General Council of the Bar and the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (Oxford, 1991).Google Scholar