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Attitudes to Female Employment in Four Middle Eastern Countries

Chapter
Part of the Women’s Studies at York Series book series (WSYS)

Abstract

It is well known that women’s participation in the labour force is low in Middle Eastern countries. Although it is thought that current data-gathering techniques bias downwards the measurement of women’s economic activity, particularly in developing countries,1 there is some evidence that female labour force participation in the Muslim Middle East is low even compared to other developing countries.

Keywords

Labour Force Female Worker Female Employment Female Labour Force Participation Middle Eastern Country 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    See R. and M. Anker, ‘Measuring the Female Labour Force in Egypt’, International Labour Review, vol. 128, no. 4 (1989), pp. 511–20Google Scholar
  2. R. Anker, M. E. Khan and R. B. Gupta, ‘Biases in Measuring the Labour Force: Results of a Methods Test Survey in Uttar Pradesh, India’, International Labour Review, vol. 126, no. 2 (1987), pp. 151–68Google Scholar
  3. 2.
    W. Moskoff, ‘Women and Work in Israel and the Islamic Middle East’, Quarterly Review of Economics and Business, vol. 22, no. 4 (1982), pp. 89–104.Google Scholar
  4. 3.
    J. A. Sanad and M. A. Tessler, ‘The Economic Orientation of Kuwaiti Women: Their Nature, Determinants and Consequences’, International Journal of Middle East Studies, vol. 20 (1988), pp. 443–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    M. Peil, ‘Urban Women in the Labour Force’, Sociology of Work and Occupations, vol. 6, no. 4 (1979), pp. 482–501.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    O. Culpan and T. Marzotto, ‘Changing Attitudes Toward Work and Marriage: Turkey in Transition’, Signs, vol. 8, no. 2 (1982), pp. 337–351.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    R. Anker and C. Hein (eds), Sex Inequalities in Urban Employment in the Third World (New York: St Martin’s Press, 1986).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    A. Al-Meer, ‘Attitudes towards Women as Managers: A Comparison of Asians, Saudis and Westerners,’ Arab Journal of the Social Sciences, vol. 3, no. 1 (1988), pp. 139–49.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Haleh Afshar 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of DurhamUK

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