The Iran-Iraq War

  • Dilip Hiro


Several features of the Iran-Iraq war make it unique among the armed conflicts of modern times. It was the longest conventional war of the century. It was also one of the bloodiest — with nearly 400 000 people killed and another 800 000 injured.1 The cost of conducting the war, and the damage caused by it, amounted to hundreds of billions of US dollars.


Income Syria Turkey Trench Egypt 


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  1. 28.
    Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, SIPRI Yearbook 1988 p. 178; and US Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers 1987 Table II, p. 105. See further Dilip Hiro, The Longest War: The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict, (London: Grafton Books, 1990; and New York: Routledge, 1991), pp. 250–1.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Hooshang Amirahmadi and Nader Entessar 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dilip Hiro

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