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Plato’s ‘Real World’

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Abstract

When, in Twilight of the Idols, Nietzsche sets forth six stages of what he calls the ‘History of an Error’, he summarises nothing less than the groundwork of Western culture from Plato to modern times. It has merely been a mistake to suppose that another world of truth determines our familiar world. Now, how did this mistake come to be made in the first place? Nietzsche describes the critical stage as follows:

1. The real world, attainable to the wise, the pious, the virtuous man — he dwells in it, he is it.

(Oldest form of the idea, relatively sensible, simple, convincing. Transcription of the proposition ‘I Plato, am the truth’).1

Keywords

Real World Logical Limit Fourth Kind Ultimate Fact Personal Vision 
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Notes

  1. 5.
    Tejera, V., Nietzsche and Greek Thought (Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff, a member of the Kluwer Academic Publishers Group, 1987). See especially Chapter V.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 13.
    In Gilbert Ryle’s The Concept of Mind (Hutchinson, 1949) it is, of course, the mind rather than the soul which is denied and termed a ‘category-mistake’, but the soul is likewise a category-mistake, if one assumes the soul to be a sort of (abstract) entity.Google Scholar
  3. 19.
    Ayer, A. J., Language, Truth and Logic (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1971), p. 202. First published by Gollancz in 1936.Google Scholar
  4. 20.
    Heidegger, Martin, Nietzsche, Vol. II, The Eternal Recurrence of the Same, translated with notes and an analysis by David Farrell Krell (San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1964), p. 156.Google Scholar

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© Keith M. May 1993

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