Intellectuals, Pacifism and Communism: The Mandarins and the Struggle for Peace (1914–53)

  • Yves Santamaria
Part of the St Antony’s/Macmillan Series book series

Abstract

A matter of months before having to face up to the crisis engendered by the abortive August 1991 coup in the Soviet Union, the French Communist Party (PCF) believed itself capable of restoring at least part of its declining support by participating in the anti-war movement associated with the conflict in the Gulf. Despite the favourable signs created by opinion polls which indicated the existence of a strong pacifist sentiment, this initiative came to nothing, and this for the simple reason that, as with the previous campaign against the Euromissiles in the 1980s, it succeeded in evoking a wave of anti-Munich sentiment amongst what was probably a majority of France’s intellectuals.1 Not only did this episode illustrate both the importance and the limits of the autonomy enjoyed by the world of the intellectual in times of national crisis but it was also added proof of the divorce that had taken place between France’s intelligentsia and communism.

Keywords

Depression Europe Defend Boris Blindness 

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Notes

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Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yves Santamaria

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