Agricultural Production in Swaziland
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This chapter focuses on the political economy of agricultural production in Swaziland. Industrialisation cannot be viewed in a vacuum in the Swaziland political economy. It has had a great impact on the agricultural sector in a variety of ways. There is a hierarchy of farming units in the Swazi context deriving primarily from the skewed dichotomy between Swazi Nation Land and Title Deed Land and gradations on each side. On one side, Swazi peasants — including large numbers of women — engage in subsistence/cash-crop production, for which the majority produce at the sub-subsistence level. On the other, white settler farms engage almost exclusively in cash-crop production on a scale by which they can maintain a Western standard of living. They rely heavily on wage labour. However, the settler-estates represent the largest, most productive farming units. They are monopoly capitalist enterprises financed partially by international capital in conjunction with some local capital.
KeywordsCash Crop Sugar Production Sugar Industry Cotton Production Cotton Yield
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