At the beginning of the nineteenth century Europeans were still using the basic forms of transport provided by past civilisations. For the most part locomotion depended upon ‘human muscle, the beasts of burden, and the wind-filled sail’. In many countries large areas remained unexplored, although Britain, had fairly well developed surface communications. The main forms of transportation consisted of river and canal navigation, coastal shipping and horse-drawn transport, together with more primitive forms of conveyance.
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References and Further Reading
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