Introduction of Paper Currency

  • Roy Green
Part of the Studies in Political Economy book series (STPE)

Abstract

After the ‘price revolution’ of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, the next major episodes of British monetary history had as their central focus the role of fiduciary money and credit. The first of these, the ‘bullion controversy’, took place as a result of the Napoleonic war inflation at the end of the eighteenth and beginning of the nineteenth centuries; and the second, the ‘currency-banking debate’, was motivated by the increasingly cyclical character of economic activity towards the middle of the nineteenth century. These disputes were no longer between a pure exchange quantity theory of money on the one hand and classical value theory on the other. The law of monetary circulation had by this time been firmly established. Monetary requirements were determined by the ‘supply side’ of the equation of exchange, i.e., by the level of output and prices. The questions now raised were whether in a credit or fiduciary system the money supply could exceed (or fall short of) the normal requirements, and, if so, how this excess (or deficiency) was to be measured and what would be the consequences. The answers to these questions implied specific sets of policies.

Keywords

Europe Expense Tempo Metaphor Nised 

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References

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Copyright information

© Roy Green 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roy Green
    • 1
  1. 1.University of NewcastleAustralia

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