Kazimiera Iłłakowiczówna: The Poet as a Witness of History, and of Double National Allegiance

  • Danuta Zamojska-Hutchins


In his programmatic work The Witness of Poetry2 Czeslaw Milosz reminds us that the poet is charged with the mission to bear witness to the events of history. Miłosz insists that even when nobody else is, the poet must be the conscience of a nation.


Dust Europe Smoke Burial Stake 


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  1. 2.
    Miłosz, Czesław, The Witness of Poetry (Cambridge, Massachusetts and London, 1983).Google Scholar
  2. 4.
    Miłosz, The History of Polish Literature (Berkeley, Los Angeles, London: University of California Press, 1983).Google Scholar
  3. 6.
    Ketchian, Sonia, The Poetry of Anna Akhmatova: A Conquest of Time and Space (München Slavistische Beiträge: Verlag, Otto Sagner, 1986). Especially consider Part Two.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© International Council for Soviet and East European Studies, and Celia Hawkesworth 1992

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  • Danuta Zamojska-Hutchins

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