The Azerbaijani Armenian Conflict: Possible Paths towards Resolution

  • V. Nadein-Raevski


The Azerbaijani-Armenian conflict has become widely known as causing one of the first outbreaks of violence on the grounds of nationalism during the period of perestroika. Commentary and analysis in the USSR and in the world following the events in Nagorno-Karabakh and Baku differ greatly, however, in their scientific and political approach. Within the Soviet Union, analysis tends to focus on the socio-economic grounds for the conflict — an approach in line with official Marxist-Leninist doctrine. Central mass media have tried to show that the conflict is a result of the joint activities of corrupted state bureaucrats and leaders of ‘underground’ economic structures fighting against the reforms of perestroika. According to this interpretation the bureaucrats connected with the ‘mafia’ feel that power is slipping away from them, which means not only the loss of considerable profits, but also the beginning of legal actions against corrupt elements and possible future imprisonment of those involved in the ‘underground’. Indeed, trials in Uzbekistan have showed that this process bears real danger for the mafia (although these trials were held in a manner reminiscent of the Stalin-Brezhnev era). In fact, dozens of groups, including hundreds of state prosecutors, have begun official investigations of corrupt elements in Azerbaijan.


Communist Party Official Investigation Party Leader Military Unit Politburo Member 
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© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1992

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  • V. Nadein-Raevski

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