The Non-Russian Nationalities
This chapter must begin with some qualifications. It does not represent original research and only makes limited use of Soviet sources. It attempts to assess some past and current thinking on the ‘nationalities question’ in 1917 among Western scholars. It is interpretative, and aims to raise questions about assumptions and approaches rather than provide answers. The chapter’s first section will address some theoretical problems associated with ethnicity and national identity, and the second half, in the light of this discussion, will look at the non-Russian national movements in 1917.
KeywordsNational Identity National Consciousness Socialist Party National Movement Russian Revolution
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- 10.This is the view of most Western students of this period. See, for example, T. Rakowska-Harmstone Russia and Nationalism in Central Asia: The Case of Tadzhikistan (Baltimore, 1970, p. 24) who argues the ‘Basmachi bands’ were based on clannish and religious ties. P. A. Zenkovsky in his Pan Turkism and Islam in Russia (Cambridge, Mass., 1960) supports the view that among Russian Muslims in 1917 ‘Islam revealed itself to be stronger than any national or racial program’ (p. 139). Marie Broxup in her article, ‘The Basmachi’ (Central Asian Survey, vol. 2, no. 1 (July 1983) pp. 57–77)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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- 61.H. R. Weinstein, ‘Land Hunger and Nationalism in the Ukraine, 1905–1917.’ Journal of Economic History, vol. 2, no. 1 (1942), p. 35.Google Scholar