The Welfare of Polish-Jewish Refugees in the USSR, 1941–43; Relief Supplies and their Distribution

  • Keith Sword
Part of the Studies in Russia and East Europe book series (SREE)


In the period between the Nazi-Soviet partition of Poland in September 1939 and the German attack on Russia in June 1941, an estimated 1.5 million Polish citizens were forcibly uprooted and deported to the interior of the Soviet Union.1 Although piecemeal arrests and deportations were taking place throughout the 21-month period of the initial Soviet occupation of these areas, the majority of deportees were moved in four large operations: in February, April and June 1940, and in June 1941. The last took place on the very eve of the German attack.


Voluntary Agency Polish Population Local Representative Soviet Government Polish Authority 
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  1. 8.
    J. Ciechanowski, Defeat in Victory (London, 1948), p. 57.Google Scholar
  2. 23.
    See M. Dubanowicz, Na Mongolskich Bezdrożach (London, 1980) p. 235.Google Scholar

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© School of Slavonic and East European Studies 1991

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  • Keith Sword

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