Polish-Jewish Refugees Repatriated from the Soviet Union at the End of the Second World War and Afterwards
With the liberation of the Lublin area in the last third of July 1944 by the Soviet Army aided by the Polish Tadeusz Kościuszko Division and the establishment of the PKWN (Polish Committee of National Liberation), the question arose of the repatriation of former Polish citizens from the Soviet Union to Poland. The Soviets and the heads of the new pro-Soviet regime which began coalescing in Poland, were interested first and foremost in the transfer to Poland of the Poles. The residents of the Western Ukraine and Byelorussia, as well as those of the Wilno district which had been annexed to the Soviet Union under the Ribbentrop-Molotov pact of 23 August and 28 September 1939, had all been under German occupation for between two and a half to three years, and were finally annexed to the Soviet Union in 1944. The speedy exodus of Poles from these regions was meant to erase their Polish past and to confirm the fact that the regions were indeed part of the Soviet Union.
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