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The Renovationist Coup: Personalities and Programmes

  • Philip Walters
Part of the Studies in Russia and East Europe book series (SREE)

Abstract

Who were the Renovationists, and what did they want? There is clear continuity between the Renovationist movement and the church renewal movement of the years before the Revolution. Firstly, there was continuity of ideas between some of the Renovationists and members of the pre-revolutionary ‘church intelligentsia’ who were beginning to distinguish themselves from the atheist or anti-clerical intelligentsia of the nineteenth century by their reconciliation with religion.1 Secondly, individuals who were later to be active in Renovationism participated in various pre-revolutionary social and political groupings involving clergy—notably the ‘Group of 32’ priests of the 1905 Revolution, and the ‘League of Democratic Clergy and Laymen’ founded in March 1917.

Keywords

Central Committee Black Reaction October Revolution Splinter Group Soviet Authority 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    The Renovationist Titlinov provides a conspectus of the ideological precursors of Renovationism in B. V. Titlinov, Novaya tserkov’ (Petrograd: 1923) pp. 41–50.Google Scholar
  2. See also Dimitry Pospielovsky, The Russian Church under the Soviet Regime, vol. i (New York: 1984) pp. 85–6.Google Scholar
  3. 2.
    Anatoli Levitin and Vadim Shavrov, Ocherki po istorii russkoi tserkovnoi smuty (Küsnacht: 1978) part i, p. 6.Google Scholar
  4. A similar view is expressed by the priest Evgeni Belkov in his ‘Predvestniki zhivoi tserkvi’, Zhivaya tserkov’ (23 May 1922) no. 2, pp. 10–11.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    E. H. Carr, Socialism in One Country, vol. i (Harmondsworth: Pelican, 1970) p. 103.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    See L. Trotsky, Literatura i revolyutsiya (1923) p. 29.Google Scholar
  7. 8.
    See Joan Delaney, ‘The Origins of Soviet Antireligious Organisations’, in Richard H. Marshall (ed.), Aspects of Religion in the Soviet Union 1917–1967 (University of Chicago Press: 1971) pp. 103–39;Google Scholar
  8. Dimitry Pospielovsky, A History of Marxist-Leninist Atheism and Soviet Anti-Religious Policies (vol. i of A History of Soviet Atheism in Theory and Practice, and the Believer) (London: Macmillan, 1987);CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 12.
    See also Alexander Kischkowsky, Die sowjetische Religionspolitik und die Russische Orthodoxe Kirche, 2nd ed. (Munich: 1960) p. 48.Google Scholar
  10. 13.
    N. Krupskaya, Leninskie ustanovki v oblasti kul’tury (Moscow: 1934) p. 198.Google Scholar
  11. 16.
    M. Gorny, ‘Vokrug “Zhivoi tserkvi”, Izvestiya (7 July 1922) reproduced in Zhivaya tserkov’ (1–15 July 1922) no. 4, pp. 7–8 (quote p. 7).Google Scholar
  12. 18.
    Johannes Chrysostomus, Kirchengeschichte Russlands der neuesten Zeit, vol. i (Patriarch Tikhon 1917–1925) (Munich and Salzburg: 1965) pp. 204–07.Google Scholar
  13. 19.
    A. Vvedensky, ‘Chto dolzhen sdelat’ gryadushchii sobor?’, in Zhivaya tserkov’ (23 May 1922) no. 2, pp. 4–6 (quote p. 5).Google Scholar
  14. 20.
    Iv. Tregubov, ‘Tserkovnaya revolyutsiya, ee vragi i druz’ya (po dannym, poluchennym ot ep. Antonina, prot. Vvedenskogo i svyashch. Kalinovskogo)’, in Zhivaya tserkov’ (15 June 1922) no. 3, pp. 13–14 (quote p. 13).Google Scholar
  15. 22.
    Vladimir L’vov, ‘K soboru’, in Zhivaya tserkov’ (1–15 July 1922) no. 4, pp. 2–5 (quote pp. 3 and 4).Google Scholar
  16. 26.
    V. Krasnitsky, ‘Pervomuchenik tserkovnogo obnovleniya’, in Zhivaya tserkov’ (15 June 1922) no. 3, p. 15.Google Scholar
  17. 30.
    Irinarkh Stratonov, Russkaya tserkovnaya smuta, 1922–1931 gg. (Berlin: 1932) p. 67.Google Scholar
  18. 32.
    Vladimir Bonch-Bruevich, ‘Zhivaya tserkov’ i proletariat (Moscow: 1924) p. 26 (first published in the journal Molodaya gvardiya no. 6–7, Oct–Dec. 1922).Google Scholar
  19. 35.
    Prot. V. Krasnitsky, ‘Gruppa progressivnogo dukhovenstva i miryan “Zhivaya tserkov’”, in Zhivaya tserkov’ (15 June 1922) no. 3, p. 11.Google Scholar
  20. 41.
    Captain Francis McCullagh, The Bolshevik Persecution of Christianity (London: 1924) p. 30.Google Scholar
  21. 56.
    Quoted in S. V. Troitsky, Chto takoe Zhivaya Tserkov’ (Warsaw: 1928)Google Scholar
  22. W. C. Emhardt, Religion in Soviet Russia: Anarchy (Milwaukee and London: 1929) pp. 353–4.Google Scholar
  23. 61.
    E. H. Carr, The Interregnum 1923–1924 (Harmondsworth: Pelican, 1969) p. 26.Google Scholar
  24. 63.
    Valentin Rozhitsyn, Tikhonovtsy, obnovlentsy i kontr-revolyutsiya (Moscow-Leningrad: 1926) p. 7.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© School of Slavonic and East European Studies 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Philip Walters

There are no affiliations available

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