Advertisement

The Societal Challenge of Crack Addiction

  • David F. Allen
  • James F. Jekel
Chapter

Abstract

Crack cocaine has had devastating effects at three levels of society:
  1. 1.

    Individual addicts and their families;

     
  2. 2.

    Poor urban neighborhoods in big cities; and

     
  3. 3.

    The authority and order of entire cities and nations.

     

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    R. D. McFadden, ‘Conviction Indicated Intent’, New York Times, 31 Jan. 1989 (p. B5).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    C. R. Whitney, ‘Crack Use Starts in Fearful Europe’, New York Times 27 July 1989.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
  4. 4.
    ‘Evicting the Drug Dealers’, Time, 1 May 1989 (p. 41).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    G. Kolata, ‘In Cities, Poor Families Are Dying of Crack’, New York Times, 11 Aug. 1989.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    J. V. Lamar, ‘Kids Who Sell Crack’, Time 9 May 1988 (pp. 20–33).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
  8. 8.
    Kolata, op. cit.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    T. Morganthau et al., ‘The Drug Gangs’, Newsweek, 28 March 1988 (pp. 20–9).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    J. Borrell, ‘The Most Dangerous City’, Time, 21 March 1988 (pp. 45–6).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
  12. 12.
    ‘In Wake of Latest Slaying, Colombia Will Seek to Extradite Drug Figures’, New York Times, 20 Aug. 1989 (p. 12).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
  14. 14.
    Borrell, op. cit.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    J. B. Treaster, ‘Columbia Strains to Stem Rampant Cocaine Abuse’, New York Times, 15 Sept. 1989, p. 1.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    K. Healy, ‘Bolivia and Cocaine: A Developing Country’s Dilemmas’, British Journal of Addictions 83: 19–23 (1988).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    M. A. Uhlig, ‘Condemn Cuban Officer, Tribunal Urges’, New York Times, 28 June 1989.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Morganthau et al. op. cit.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Borrell, op. cit.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    ‘Narcotics Agent Held in Boston on Drug Charge’, New York Times 16 Aug. 1989.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    ‘Thinking the Unthinkable’, Time, 30 May 1988, pp. 12–19.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Should Drugs Be Legal? Time 30 May 1988, pp. 36–8.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    E. Marshall, ‘Drug Wars: Legalization Gets a Hearing’, Science, 241: 1157–9, 2 Sept. 1988.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    ‘Thinking the Unthinkable’, op. cit.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
  26. 26.
  27. 27.
    J. F. Jekel and D. F. Allen, ‘Trends in Drug Abuse in the Mid-1980s’, Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine 60: 45–52 (1987).Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    A. Riding, ‘Gangs in Colombia Feud Over Cocaine’, New York Times 22 Aug. 1988 (p. Al).Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    P. Kerr, ‘Cocaine Glut Pulls New York Market into Drug Rings’ Tug-of War’, New York Times 24 Aug 1988 (p. Bl).Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    E. L. Englesman, ‘Dutch Policy on the Management of Drug Related Problems’, British Journal of Addictions 84: 211–18 (1989).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
  32. 32.
    ‘Arrests Skyrocketing As Drug Prices Tumble’, New Haven Register, 13 Dec. 1988, p. 6.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    ‘Thinking the Unthinkable’, op. cit.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    ‘Clog: Murder, Drug Cases Jamming State’s Courtrooms’, New Haven Register, 13 Dec. 1988 (p. 3)Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    G. James, ‘Drug Arrests Are Crowding Local Prisons’, New York Times, 12 Dec. 1988.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    K. Johnson, ‘Long Drug Sentences Run Into a Barrier’, New York Times, 25 July, 1989.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    J. C. Wilson, ‘Against the Legalization of Drugs’, Commentary, 89: 21–8, Feb. 1990.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    T. Morganthau and M. Miller, ‘Getting Tough on Cocaine’, Newsweek, 28 Nov. 1988, (p. 76).Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    C. E. Johanson, ‘Behavioral Studies of the Reinforcing Properties of Cocaine’, National Institute on Drug Abuse Research Monograph 88: 107–24 (1988).Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Engelsman, op. cit.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    L. LoSciuto and M. A. Ausetts, ‘Evaluation of a Drug Abuse Prevention Program: A Field Experiment’, Addictive Behaviors, 13: 337–51 (1988).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    P. Berger and J. Neuhaus, To Empower People: The Role of Mediating Structures in Public Policy (Washington DC: American Enterprise Institute, 1977).Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    C. Gorman, ‘Crackdown on the Swiss Laundry’, Time, 24 April 1989.Google Scholar
  44. 44.
  45. 45.
    C. Dickey and R. Parry, ‘A Drug Crackdown in the Alps’, Newsweek, 10 April 1989.Google Scholar
  46. 46.
  47. 47.
    J. F. Burns, ‘Summit Calls for Anti-Drug Plan That Stresses Money Laundering’, New York Times, 21 June 1988.Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    J. Castro, ‘The Cash Cleaners’, Time, 24 Oct. 1988.Google Scholar
  49. 49.
  50. 50.
    ‘U.N. Accord on Drugs is Signed’, New York Times, 21 Dec. 1988.Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    M. Wines, ‘US Says It Broke Vast Money Scheme’, New York Times, 30 Mar. 1989.Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    Time 28 Nov. 1988 (p. 76).Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    J. F. Jekel, D. F. Allen, et al., ‘Epidemic freebase cocaine abuse: case study from the Bahamas’, The Lancet 1: 459–62, 1 March 1986.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    L. Thompson, ’ “Ice,” new smokable form of speed’, Washington Post ‘Health’, 21 Nov. 1989, p. 11.Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    Kathleen Bishop, ‘Fear Grows Over Effects of a New Smokable Drug’, New York Times, 16 Sept. 1989, (p. 1).Google Scholar
  56. 56.

Copyright information

© David F. Allen and James F. Jekel 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • David F. Allen
    • 1
  • James F. Jekel
    • 1
  1. 1.Yale University School of MedicineUSA

Personalised recommendations