Max Scheler’s major work, and the only one he felt he had satisfactorily carried through to completion, is Der Formalismus in der Ethik und die materiale Wertethik.1 Here, in various stages of development, we find all of the themes which occupied Scheler’s philosophical attention, as well as his most sustained reflections on the nature of the Person. As the title suggests, the book is a pivotal work. Scheler engages in a lengthy and detailed assessment of the main premises, strengths, and failings of ethical formalism before undertaking his own attempt to formulate an ethic grounded in the intuitive perception of values as real and substantial (materiale) qualities of normative experience.
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- 3.See Manfred S. Frings, Max Scheler, A Concise Introduction Into the World of a Great Thinker (Pittsburgh: Duquesne University Press, 1965), p. 105. This work is recommended as a concise, yet comprehensive, introduction to the variety of Scheler’s philosophical endeavours.Google Scholar
- 4.Derek Parfit, Reasons and Persons (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1984).Google Scholar
- 5.See T. W. Adorno et al., The Authoritarian Personality (New York: W. W. Norton and Co., 1950) andGoogle Scholar
- Fred I. Greenstein, Personality and Politics (Chicago: Markham, 1969). The Greenstein includes a fine survey of related literature in a ‘Bibliographical Note’ by Michael Lerner.Google Scholar