The Restructuring of Local Government in England and Wales
This chapter looks at the ways in which the relationship between central and local government has altered in England and Wales since the late 1970s. It examines the growth in the power of central government and the reduction of local government’s policy-making role. The theme of the paper is that more recent changes have seen a more concerted move by central government to restructure local government, changing the way local authorities exercise their functions so that local government reduces the services it directly provides. With the aim of enhancing consumer choice, central government has tried to increase the numbers of service providers. Local government is to be moved to an ‘enabling’ role, organising other institutions to supply services. Central government wishes to increase accountability of local government to the electorate and the consumer through the community charge and the new roles for schools and housing authorities. If the aims were realised, the changes would significantly alter the role of local government.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Brooke, R. (1989) Managing the Enabling Authority, Longman, London.Google Scholar
- Grant, M. (1989) Local Government Finance Act 1988, Annotations, Sweet and Maxwell, London.Google Scholar
- Griffiths, R. (1988) Community Care: Agenda for Action, HMSO, London.Google Scholar
- Gyford, G., Leach, S. and Game, C. (1989) The Changing Politics of Local Government, Unwin Hyman, London.Google Scholar
- Hebbert, M. and Travers, T. (1988) London Government Handbook, Cassell, London.Google Scholar
- Local Government Training Board (1988) The Enabling Council, LGTB.Google Scholar
- Ridley, N. (1988) The Local Right, Centre for Policy Studies, London.Google Scholar
- Stallworthy, M., ‘Central government and local government: the uses and abuses of a constitutional hegemony’, Political Quarterly, vol. 60, no. 1, 22–37.Google Scholar
- Stoker, G. (1989) ‘Creating a local government for the post-Fordist society: the Thatcherite project’, in J. Stewart and G. Stoker (eds), The Future of Local Government, Macmillan, London.Google Scholar
- Travers, T. (1989) ‘The threat to autonomy of elected local government’ in C. Crouch and D. Marquand (eds), The New Centralism, Basil Blackwell, Oxford.Google Scholar