Victims, Crime Prevention and Social Control

  • Sandra Walklate
Part of the Explorations in Sociology book series (EIS)

Abstract

Clarke (1987) suggests that the 1950s and 1960s were decades in which the main thrust of criminal justice policy focused on how to treat the offender rather than how to protect the community from crime. This period is also frequently viewed as a time in which, whilst individuals may have suffered criminal victimisation, there appears to have been little publicly expressed fear of crime. Interpreting this historical period in this way may, or may not, be accurate, but it does reflect a fashionable process in the policy arena: that of invoking images of the past to inform policy directions of the present. One such image, subsequently developed by Clarke (1987), has been that of the community. This chapter will be concerned to examine the extent to which initiatives in crime prevention presume a certain image of the community, and particularly with the way in which that image makes certain assumptions about the victim of crime. An understanding of these images will be offered by reference to the processes of social control and the political possibilities of penetrating those processes.

Keywords

Arena Thalidomide Harness Protec Preven 

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© British Sociological Association 1991

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  • Sandra Walklate

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