On 15 January 1966 mutinuous middle-ranking officers of the Nigerian army led by Major Chukwuma Nzeogwu overthrew the first post-independence civilian government headed by Abubakar Tafawa Balewa. With the subsequent defeat of these rebel forces by federal loyalist troops led by the army commander, General Johnson Aguyi-Ironsi, a military junta was set up with him at its head to administer the country.
KeywordsAfrican State British Government French Government Nigerian Government Military Situation
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- 6.Cf. John Stremlau, The International Politics of the Nigerian Civil War (Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1977), p. 51.Google Scholar
- 7.Quoted in A. H. M. Kirk-Greene, Crisis and Conflict in Nigeria, Vol. I (London: Oxford University Press, 1971), p. 413.Google Scholar
- 10.See, for instance, Billy Dudley, An Introduction to Nigerian Government and Politics (London and Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1982), pp. 278–9.Google Scholar
- 13.For a recent focus on the background to Britain’s strategic control of Nigeria’s economy, see Toyin Falola (ed.), Britain and Nigeria: Exploitation or Development? (London and New Jersey: Zed Books, 1987).Google Scholar
- 16.Cf. General Olusegun Obasanjo, My Command: An account of the Nigerian Civil War, 1967–70 (Ibadan and London: Heinemann, 1980), p. 146.Google Scholar
- 17.Ibid. See also Suzanne Cronje, The World and Nigeria: The Diplomatic History of the Biafra War (London: Sidgwick & Jackson, 1972), p. 17.Google Scholar
- 20.See Sam Epelle (ed.), Nigeria Speaks: Speeches of Alhaji Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa (Lagos: Longman, 1964), p. 10.Google Scholar
- 21.Oye Ogunbadejo, ‘Ideology and Pragmatism: The Soviet Role in Nigeria, 1960–1977’, Orbis, Winter 1978, p. 810.Google Scholar
- 28.David Hunt, On the Spot: An Ambassador Remembers (London: Peter Davies, 1975), p. 194.Google Scholar
- 83.Cronje, ibid., p. 81, and Kennedy Lindsay, ‘How Biafra Pays for the War’, Venture, March 1969, p. 27 (cited in Stremlau, op. cit., p. 231).Google Scholar
- 91.See Bernard Odogwu, No Place to Hide (Crises and Conflicts Inside Biafra) (Enugu: Fourth Dimension, 1985), especially ch. 10.Google Scholar