Development Planning and Mineral Mega-projects: Some Global Considerations

  • Fred T. Neto


The post-war period has witnessed several major government attempts to integrate Brazilian Amazonia geopolitically and socio-economically into the rest of the country. This effort was clearly intensified during the last decade, which turned out to be divided into two contrasting phases of Amazonian development planning: one marked by the active State role in a process of frontier colonisation oriented towards small-scale agriculture, and the other in which government action tended to be limited to the support of corporate activities, such as cattle ranching and mining.2 This later phase was spearheaded by the regional strategy of the Second National Development Plan (PND II), and the Programme of Agricultural and Mineral Poles of Amazonia (POLAMAZONIA), both of which were formulated in 1974. Its emergence is usually explained by the failure of government colonisation schemes, and more importantly, the fierce opposition of powerful interest groups to a regional development strategy dominated by State intervention and small-scale activities.


Joint Venture Foreign Debt World Market Price Brazilian Government Aluminium Complex 
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© David Goodman and Anthony Hall 1990

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  • Fred T. Neto

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