Israel’s Project Renewal: Describing and Explaining a Relative Success

  • Naomi Carmon
Part of the Policy Studies Organization Series book series (PSOS)


Government-initiated neighborhood-targeted programs have frequently been in the focus of public attention since the Second World War. Limiting our survey to the American experience, salient landmarks are Urban Renewal, Model Cities and Block Grants for Community Development. Urban Renewal was sharply criticized during its time (Anderson, 1964; Gans, 1965). Even though thirty years later, one can observe impressive developments in what were once Urban Renewal areas, the social costs of evacuation, demolition, relocation and a very long process of redevelopment are considered too high to justify its method. Model Cities, with all its good intentions, barely had a chance to prove its potential, and is generally evaluated as a non-success endeavor (Frieden and Kaplan, 1975). The more recent CDBG program, which transferred decision-making power from Washington to local mayors and their staffs, also came under attack when the latter were accused of not targeting grants to the problems and populations with which the program was designed to deal (McFarland, 1978).


Urban Renewal Project Renewal Model City Israeli Society Social Disparity 
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© Policy Studies Organization 1990

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  • Naomi Carmon

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