The end of the monarchy in 1931 was a great event and I remember a man called Pedregal, who lived across the River Nalón at Anzo, firing a rocket to celebrate the new Republic. He must have been on the left from the very beginning because none of his children were baptised; it was the only family in the area that wasn’t. And the people of Anzo said that the children were ‘Moros’ or Arabs because they were not baptised. That came from the time of the conflict between Moors and Christians in Spain. When we were kids we were stupid, we would shout at them across the river, ‘Moros!’ I think the father was the only man in the region who really added up to much because when the Republic was proclaimed the first rocket fired, the first flag flown was by him, Pedregal.1
KeywordsSocialist Party October Revolution Mining Basin Foreign Legion Black Flag
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- 1.Manuel Villar wrote in El Anarquismo en la Insurrección de Asturias (Barcelona, 1935), pp. 19–20, ‘The workers and peasants attributed a mythical significance to the republican form of government. To it they attached their yearning for social justice, and they believed it to be the cornerstone of a new society based on new economic and social precepts.’ Quoted by A. Shubert, Road to Revolution, p. 141.Google Scholar
- 4.The penetration of socialism and trade unionism into the rural zone around Grado, in which Paladin is situated, has been explained by the proximity to the National Cannon Factory at Trubia, a major centre of socialist activity and where a large number of workers were drawn from the surrounding peasant villages: see B. Fernandez, J. Giron, ‘Aproximacion al Sindicalismo Agrario en Asturias, 1906–1923’ in La Cuestion Agraria en la España Contemporanea (Madrid, 1976), p. 192.Google Scholar
- On the close interrelationship between mine and peasant communities see D. Ruiz, El Movimiento Obrero en Asturias (Madrid: Júcar, 1979); A. Shubert, Road to Revolution, pp. 36–41, 127.Google Scholar
- 10.On the history of the October Revolution see M. Grossi Mier, La Insurrección de Asturias (Gijón: Júcar, 1978 edn.)Google Scholar
- N. Molíns i Fábrega, UHP: La Insurrección Proletaria de Asturias (Gijón: Júcar, 1977 edn.); A. Shubert, Road to Revolution, Introduction; Chapter 8.Google Scholar