• D. D. Raphael


To call something just is to express approval of it as being right in a specific way, but to pin down the specific character is not at all easy. Justice is a complex concept. It is used both of law and of social morality, and although the ideas of legal and moral justice share certain common principles they do not stand in the same relationship to their respective fields of operation, law and morals. Then again, justice may be regarded on the one hand as a concept concerned with the order of society as a whole, and on the other hand as an expression of the rights of individuals in contrast to the claims of general social order. Finally, justice is a Janus-like concept, looking both to past and to future, conserving and reforming.


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© D. D. Raphael 1990

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  • D. D. Raphael

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