The need for a separate analysis of personal income distribution became apparent in the previous two chapters. In Chapter 7, Section 2, it was noted that differences in overall earnings between occupations accounted for only a small part of the dispersion of employment incomes among individuals, and that wage differentials within occupations were responsible for the bulk of earnings inequality. Subsequent sections identified some of the reasons. There exist systematic discrepancies in pay, for any given occupation, depending on the industry or region in which the individual works, on the characteristics of the employer, and, finally, on whether the individual works in the primary or secondary sector; and there is the additional influence of labour market discrimination, which was discussed in Chapter 6.
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