Combining Control and Enhancement

  • Ian M. Cuthbertson
  • David Robertson


It might be useful first to review the West European desiderata for enhancing European security. We have argued that the following are desirable characteristics of a future pan-European security regime:
  1. 1.

    The financial cost of any arms enhancement must be minimized because of the increasing defense budgetary problems.

  2. 2.

    The manpower drain must be minimized because of the demographic situation.

  3. 3.

    American influence over NATO must not be increased by NATO having to adopt US doctrines.

  4. 4.

    No loss to indigenous West European arms industries should be incurred.

  5. 5.

    Superpower military presence in Europe as a whole ought to be diminished as much as possible.

  6. 6.

    NATO’s doctrine and posture should not become more aggressive or threatening.

  7. 7.

    The independence of individual West European NATO members and their military capacity to defend what they see as vital interests must be protected.

  8. 8.

    The superpowers’ ability to project forces to protect their vital interests elsewhere than Europe must be maintained.

  9. 9.

    The possibility of a lengthy, intentional war of attrition should be taken into account in addition to the usual scenarios of short-warning, surprise or accidental wars.



Force Reduction Combine Control Vital Interest European Security Defensive Posture 
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  1. 3.
    See Cyril Falls, The First World War (London: Longmans, 1960).Google Scholar
  2. 10.
    See Joshua M. Epstein, ‘Dynamic Analysis and the Conventional Balance in Europe’, International Security 12, no. 4 (Spring 1988). See also the debate between Epstein and Mearsheimer in International Security 13, no. 4 (Spring 1989).Google Scholar
  3. 13.
    David Robertson, A Dictionary of Modern Defence and Strategy (London: Europa, 1987), p. 163.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Institute for East-West Security Studies 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ian M. Cuthbertson
    • 1
  • David Robertson
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute for East-West Security StudiesUK
  2. 2.St Hugh’s CollegeOxfordUK

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