• Evan Luard


The most important single feature determining the character of an international society is the ideology which governs it.


International Society Political Ideology Political Competition Political Struggle Political Relationship 
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  1. 1.
    quoted in R. Aron, Main Currents in Sociological Thought, vol. II, London, 1958, p. 51Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    J. Plamenatz, Ideology (London, 1970) p. 15.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    These three contrasting types of social organisation are described in Ruth Benedict, Patterns of Culture (Cambridge, Mass., 1934).Google Scholar
  4. 5.
    For a more adequate account of each of these societies and of the characteristic ideology in each, see E. Luard, Types of International Society (New York, 1977) especially chap. 5.Google Scholar
  5. 6.
    See Evan Luard, War in International Society (London, 1986) pp. 87–8.Google Scholar
  6. 9.
    Cf. G. Mattingly, “International Diplomacy and International Law”, in The New Cambridge Modern History (Cambridge, 1958) vol. iii, p. 154Google Scholar
  7. 11.
    G. P. Gooch made the same point: “While patriotism is as old as the instinct of human association, nationalism as an articulate creed issued from the volcanic fires of the French Revolution” (Studies in Diplomacy and Statecraft, London, 1942, p. 300).Google Scholar

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© Evan Luard 1990

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  • Evan Luard

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