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Evaporation and Transpiration

  • E. M. Wilson
Chapter

Abstract

Evaporation is important in all water resource studies. It affects the yield of river basins, the necessary capacity of reservoirs, the size of pumping plant, the consumptive use of water by crops and the yield of underground supplies, to name but a few of the parameters affected by it.

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References

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    Penman, H. L. Natural evaporation from open water, bare soil and grass. Proc. Roy. Soc., A 193 (April 1948) 120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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Further reading

  1. Blaney, H. F. Definitions, methods and research data. A symposium on the consumptive use of water. Trans. Am. Soc. Civ. Eng., 117 (1952) 949Google Scholar
  2. Blaney, H. F. and Criddle, W. D. Determining consumptive use and irrigation water requirements. USDA (ARS) Tech. Bull 1275, 1962Google Scholar
  3. Criddle, W. D. Consumptive use of water and irrigation requirements. J. Soil Water Conserv., 1953Google Scholar
  4. Criddle, W. D. Methods of computing consumptive use of water. Paper 1507. Proc. Am. Soc. Civ. Eng., 84 (January 1958)Google Scholar
  5. Fao/Unesco. International Sourcebook on Irrigation and Drainage of Arid Lands, UNESCO, Paris, Hutchinson, London, 1973Google Scholar
  6. Fortier, S. and Young, A. A. Bull. U.S. Dept. Agr. 1340 (1925), 185 (1930), 200 (1930), 379 (1933)Google Scholar
  7. Harris, F. S. The duty of water in Cache Valley, Utah. Utah Agr. Exp. Sta. Bull., 173, 1920Google Scholar
  8. Hickox, G. H. Evaporation from a free water surface. Paper 2266. Trans. Am. Soc. Civ. Eng., 111 (1946), and discussion by C. Rohwer.Google Scholar
  9. Hill, R. A. Operation and maintenance of irrigation systems. Paper 2980. Trans. Am. Soc. Civ. Eng., 117 (1952) 77Google Scholar
  10. Horsfall, R. A. Planning irrigation projects. J. Inst. Eng. Australia, 22, No. 6 (June 1950)Google Scholar
  11. Lowry, R. and Johnson, A. R. Consumptive use of water for agriculture. Paper 2158. Trans. Am. Soc. Civ. Eng., 107 (1942), and discussion by R. E. Rule, E. E. Foster, H. F. Blaney and R. W. DavenportGoogle Scholar
  12. Measurement and Estimation of Evaporation and Evapotranspiration. Technical Note 83, World Meteorological Organisation, 1966Google Scholar
  13. Penman, H. L. Estimating evaporation. Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 31 (February 1956) 43CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Rohwer, C. Evaporation from different types of pans. Trans. Am. Soc. Civ. Eng., 99 (1934) 673Google Scholar
  15. Stewart, J. I. and Hagan, R. M. Functions to predict effects of crop water deficits. ASCE J. Irrigation and Drainage Div., 99 (1973) 421Google Scholar
  16. Stewart, J. J., Hagan, R. M. and Pruitt, W. O. Function to predict optimal irrigation programs. ASCE, J. Irrigation and Drainage Div., 100 (1974) 179Google Scholar
  17. White, W. N. A method of estimating ground water supplies based on discharge by plants and evaporation from soil. Results of investigations in Escalante Valley, Utah. US. Geological Survey Water Supply Paper 659-A, Washington D.C., 1932Google Scholar

Copyright information

© E. M. Wilson 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. M. Wilson
    • 1
  1. 1.University of SalfordUK

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