Political Development and Social Class

  • Andrew Webster


So far we have examined aspects of development and social change in the Third World without any detailed consideration of the political context in which these are found. As we have seen in previous chapters, many theorists have developed their ideas through using the historical experience of Europe as a blueprint for ‘development’. One might wonder then whether the development of, say, capitalist relations in Western Europe was accompanied by a particular pattern of political development and whether this is to be repeated in the Third World because of capitalist penetration there. The reader should not be surprised to discover that there is no simple answer to this question since there are competing theoretical accounts of political change in Europe and the Third World, accounts which on the one hand come within the broad scope of modernisation theory and on the other derive from the underdevelopment school.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. R. Abrahams (1987) ‘Vigilantism in Tanzania’. Mimeo. Department of Anthropology, University of Cambridge.Google Scholar
  2. P. Bachrach and M. S. Baratz (1962) ‘The two faces of power’, American Political Science Review, 56, pp. 947–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. P. Cammack et al. (eds) (1988) Third World Politics: A Comparative Introduction (London: Macmillan).Google Scholar
  4. N. Chomsky and E. Herman (1979) The Washington Connection and Third World Fascism (Boston: South End Press).Google Scholar
  5. M. Crenson (1971) The Un-Politics of Air Pollution: A Study of Non-Decision-Making in the Cities (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press).Google Scholar
  6. R. Dahl (1961) Who Governs? (New Haven: Yale University Press).Google Scholar
  7. S. N. Eisenstadt (1966) Modernisation, Protest and Change (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall).Google Scholar
  8. S. Finer (1974) Comparative Government (Harmondsworth: Penguin).Google Scholar
  9. A. G. Frank (1971) Capitalism and Underdevelopment in Latin America (Harmondsworth: Penguin).Google Scholar
  10. A. G. Frank (1981) Crisis: In the Third World (London: Heinemann).Google Scholar
  11. A. G. Giddens (1981) A Contemporary Critique of Historical Materialism (London: Macmillan).Google Scholar
  12. A. G. Giddens (1985) The Nation State and Violence (Cambridge: Polity Press).Google Scholar
  13. S. Hall et al. (1978) Policing the Crisis: Mugging, the State, and Law and Order (London: Macmillan).Google Scholar
  14. S. P. Huntingdon (1968) Political Order in Changing Societies (New Haven: Yale University Press).Google Scholar
  15. G. Hyden (1984) No Short Cuts to Progress (London: Heinemann).Google Scholar
  16. J. J. Johnson (ed.) (1962) The Role of the Military in the Underdeveloped Societies (Princeton University Press).Google Scholar
  17. C. Kerr et al. (1960) Industrialism and Industrial Man (Harmondsworth: Penguin).Google Scholar
  18. D. Kotz (1979) Bank Control of Large Corporations in America (University of California Press).Google Scholar
  19. S. M. Lipset (1959) Political Man (London: Heinemann).Google Scholar
  20. P. Lloyd (ed.) (1967) The New Elites of Tropical Africa (Oxford University Press).Google Scholar
  21. S. Lukes (1974) Power: A Radical View (London: Macmillan).Google Scholar
  22. A. Mafeje (1977) ‘Neo-colonialism, state capitalism, or revolution?’, in P. C. W. Gutkind and P. Waterman (eds) African Social Studies (London: Heinemann).Google Scholar
  23. R. Miliband (1977) Marxism and Politics (Oxford University Press).Google Scholar
  24. C. W. Mills (1959) The Power Elite (New York: Oxford University Press).Google Scholar
  25. B. Moore (1966) Social Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy (Harmondsworth: Peregrine Books).Google Scholar
  26. R. Murray (1977) ‘The social roots and political nature of military regimes’, in P. C. W. Gutkind and P. Waterman (eds) African Social Studies (London: Heinemann).Google Scholar
  27. O. O. Odetola (1982) Military Regimes and Development (London: Allen & Unwin).Google Scholar
  28. C. Offe and V. Ronge (1975) ‘Theses on the theory of the state’, New German Critique, 6, pp. 139–47.Google Scholar
  29. B. Onimode (1988) A Political Economy of the African Crisis (London: Zed Books).Google Scholar
  30. T. Parsons (1967) ‘On the concept of political power’, Social Theory and Modern Society (New York: Free Press).Google Scholar
  31. J. Petras and M. Zeitlin (eds) (1968) Latin America: Reform or Revolution? (Greenwich, Conn: Fawcett).Google Scholar
  32. G. Philip (1984) The Rise and Fall of the Peruvian Military Radicals (London: Athlone Press).Google Scholar
  33. N. Poulantzas (1975) Political Power and Social Class (London: New Left Books).Google Scholar
  34. D. Riesman (1961) The Lonely Crowd (New Haven: Yale University Press).Google Scholar
  35. M. Rodinson (1974) Islam and Capitalism (Harmondsworth: Penguin).Google Scholar
  36. I. Roxborough (1979) Theories of Underdevelopment (London: Macmillan).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. B. R. Rubin (1985) ‘Economic liberalisation and the Indian State’, Third World Quarterly, October, pp. 942–57.Google Scholar
  38. R. Sandbrook and R. Cohen (1975) The Development of an African Working Class (London: Longman).Google Scholar
  39. P. Schlesinger (1978) ‘On the shape and scope of counter-insurgency thought’, in G. Littlejohn et al. (eds) Power and State (London: Croom Helm).Google Scholar
  40. G. Therborn (1970) ‘What does the ruling class do when it rules?’, Insurgent Sociologist, 6, pp. 3–16.Google Scholar
  41. C. Vogler (1985) Nation State and Class (Aldershot: Gower).Google Scholar
  42. M. Zeitlin (1974) ‘Corporate ownership and control: the large corporation and the capitalist class’, American Journal of Sociology, 79, pp. 1073–1108.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Andrew Webster 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrew Webster

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations