Use of the Military Instrument Short of War: the Soviet Union

  • Roy Allison


Soviet attitudes towards the use of military power help determine the functions of the Soviet armed forces and shape the conduct of Soviet military and defence policies. Although these attitudes have traditionally been expressed within an ideological framework, they have evolved in response to changes in the international environment.


Military Force Military Power National Liberation Soviet Leader Soviet Policy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    See D. Holloway, The Soviet Union and the Arms Race, New Haven and London, Yale University Press, 1983, pp. 82–3.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    V. M. Kulish, Voennaya sila i mezhdurarodnye otnosheniya, Moscow, Mezhdunarodnye Otnosheniya, 1972, p. 222.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    See J. Lider, Military Force: An Analysis of Marxist-Leninist Concepts, Farnborough, Gower, 1981, pp. 196–7.Google Scholar
  4. D. A. Volkogonov, Marksistsko-leninskoe uchenie o voyne i armii, Moscow, Voenizdat, 1984, pp. 218–9.Google Scholar
  5. 4.
    See Lider, Military Force, pp. 203–4, 243–4. For recent Soviet assessments of the US use of military power short of war see P. P. Timokhin, Voenno-Silovaya politika SShA, Moscow, Voenizdat, 1987, pp. 171–202Google Scholar
  6. D.M. Proektor, Politika i bezopasnost, Moscow, Nauka, 1988, pp. 46–78.Google Scholar
  7. 5.
    S. S. Kaplan, Diplomacy of Power: Soviet Armed Forces as a Political Instrument, Washington, D.C., Brookings Institution, 1981, p. 34.Google Scholar
  8. 7.
    For example, T. Wolfe, Soviet Power and Europe 1945–1970, Baltimore, MD, Johns Hopkins, 1970Google Scholar
  9. H. Adomeit, ‘The Political Rationale of Soviet Military Capabilities and Doctrine’, in Strengthening Conventional Deterrence in Europe, London, Macmillan, 1983, pp. 78–9.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    M. MccGwire, Military Objectives in Soviet Foreign Policy, Washington, D.C., Brookings Institution, 1987, p. 222.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    See M.N. Katz, The Third World in Soviet Military Thought, London, Croom Helm, 1982.Google Scholar
  12. 13.
    A. A. Grechko, ‘The Leading Role of the CPSU in Building The Army of a Developed Socialist Society’, Voprosy Istorii KPSS (May 1974). Cited in H. F. Scott and W. F. Scott (eds) The Soviet Art of War: Doctrine, Strategy and Tactics, Boulder, CO, Westview, 1982, p. 243.Google Scholar
  13. 14.
    D. A. Volkogonov et al., Voyna i armiya, Moscow, Voenizdat, 1977, pp. 65Google Scholar
  14. 15.
    Admiral S. G. Gorshkov, Morskaya moshch gosudarstva, Moscow, Voenizdat, 1976Google Scholar
  15. 16.
    For example, H. F. Scott and W. F. Scott, The Armed Forces of the USSR, Boulder, CO, Westview, 1984Google Scholar
  16. 18.
    See R. Menon, Soviet Power and the Third World, New Haven and London, Yale University Press, 1986, p. 82Google Scholar
  17. D. M. Gormley, ‘The Direction and Pace of Soviet Force Projection Capabilities’, in J. Alford (ed,) The Soviet Union: Security Policies and Constraints, London, Gower, IISS, 1985, p. 154.Google Scholar
  18. 19.
    See J. N. Moore and R. F. Turner, International Law and the Brezhnev Doctrine, New York, University Press of America, 1987, pp. 61–6.Google Scholar
  19. 22.
    M. MccGwire, Military Objectives in Soviet Foreign Policy, Washington, D.C., Brookings Institution, 1987, pp. 220Google Scholar
  20. 23.
    For the latter interpretation see ibid., ch. 10, and A. Haselkorn, The Evolution of Soviet Security Strategy, New York, Crane, Russak, 1978.Google Scholar
  21. 25.
    H. Adomeit, Soviet Risk-Taking and Crisis Behaviour: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis, London, Allen and Unwin, 1982, pp. 338–9.Google Scholar
  22. 28.
    V. V. Zhurkin and Ye. M. Primakov (eds) Mezhdunarodnye konflikty, Moscow, Mezhdunarodnye Otnosheniya, 1972, pp. 65–6.Google Scholar
  23. 29.
    See A. L. George, Managing US-Soviet Rivalry, Boulder, CO, Westview, 1983.Google Scholar
  24. 32.
    D. Holloway, ‘Military Power and Political Purpose in Soviet Policy’, Daedalus (Fall 1980) p. 17.Google Scholar
  25. 34.
    H. Adomeit, ‘Soviet Crisis Prevention and Management: Why and When Do Soviet Leaders Take Risks?’, Orbis, vol. 30, no. 1 (Spring 1986) p. 60.Google Scholar
  26. 38.
    N. P. V’yunenko, B. N. Makeev and U. V. D. Skugarev, Voennomorskoy flot: roi’, perspektivy, razvitiya, ispol’zovanie, Moscow, Voenizdat, 1988.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Carl G. Jacobsen 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roy Allison

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations