Moscow’s ‘Military-Industrial Complex’: Its Nature and Impact

  • Carl G. Jacobsen

Abstract

The Soviet Union’s military-industrial complex — that amorphous, not necessarily homogeneous but nevertheless distinct coalition of political, military, economic, industrial, research and bureaucratic interests whose livelihood derives from defence production and consideration — has much in common with its Western counterparts.1 But whereas those of the Anglo-Saxon world grew apart from the state and remained distinct from the state (though recent decades have seen the emergence of a more intimate relationship), Moscow’s was always part of and integral to the state. Muscovy’s strategic culture, under both Tsars and Commissars, always allowed more military influence over non-military policy considerations and, at the same time, more non-military influence over military matters, strategy and doctrine. The bureaucratic weight of military and related concerns may indeed be greater than that found in the West, but it is qualitatively different: its essence is different, and its implications are different.

Keywords

Europe Mold Amid Assure Sewage 

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Notes

  1. 1.
    For thorough coverage of Western literature and theory, see N. P. Gleditsch and O. Njoelstad (eds), Arms Races: Technological and Political Dynamics, London, PRIO and Sage, 1989.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    ‘Dwight D. Eisenhower, 1960’, Public Papers of the Presidents, National Archives and Records Service, Washington, D.C., US GPO, 1961, p. 1038; C. G. Jacobsen, The Nuclear Era: Its History; Its Implications, Spokesman and O. G. & H., Nottingham and Cambridge, MA, 1982, pp. 109–26.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    D. E. David and W. S. G. Kohn, ‘Lenin’s “Notebook on Clausewitz”’, in D. R. Jones (ed.) Soviet Armed Forces Review Annual (SAFRA), vol. 1, pp. 188–222, Gulf Breeze, FL, Academic International Press, 1977.Google Scholar
  4. 6.
    Harriet Fast Scott and W. F. Scott, The Armed Forces of the USSR, Boulder, CO, Westview, 1984.Google Scholar
  5. 7.
    C. G. Jacobsen, ‘Soviet Civilian Fleets’, in Soviet Oceans Development, Washington, D.C., US GPO, 1975.Google Scholar
  6. 11.
    Mary FitzGerald, Marshal Ogarkov on Modern War: 1971–1985, Alexandria, VA, Center for Naval Analysis, 1985.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Carl G. Jacobsen 1990

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  • Carl G. Jacobsen

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