Transnational Corporations and Ocean Technology Transfer

  • Chennat Gopalakrishnan


World attention is increasingly focusing on the crucial role of ocean resources as a major source of global natural resource development. To a large extent, this pronounced interest in the economic potential of the oceans is the direct result of the extension of territorial jurisdiction over ocean resources to 200-nautical miles by the coastal states of the world. Another contributing factor is the considerable interest in the deep seabed and its resources triggered by the UN Law of the Sea Convention concluded in December 1982.


Coastal State Transnational Corporation International Joint Venture Manganese Nodule Transnational Activity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Alexander, L. M. and Hodgson, R. D. (1975) ‘The Impact of the 200-mile Economic Zone on the Law of the Sea’, San Diego Law Review, 12(3) pp. 574–5.Google Scholar
  2. Burrows, J. C. (1980) in J. T. Kildow (ed.) Deepsea Mining (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press).Google Scholar
  3. 55.
    Chang, H. and Hong, S. (1984) ‘Issues of Transfer of Deep Seabed Mining Technology under the UN Law of the Sea Convention’, Bulletin of Korea Ocean Research, 6, pp. 49–.Google Scholar
  4. Clark, J. P. and Neutra, M. R. (1983) ‘Mining Manganese Nodules: Potential Economic and Environmental Effects’, Resources Policy, 9(2) pp. 99–109.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Dar, V. K., Giggs, S., Kildow, J., Levis, M. and Newhouse, L. (1975) ‘Proposals for a United States Program in International Cooperation’, in J. T. Kildow (ed.) International Transfer of Marine Technology, vol. III, MIT Sea Grant Program Report no. 77–20 (Cambridge, Mass: MIT).Google Scholar
  6. Gopalakrishnan, C. (1980) Natural Resources and Energy: Theory and Policy (Ann Arbor: Ann Arbor Science Publishers) pp. 39–47.Google Scholar
  7. Gopalakrishnan, C. (ed.) (1984) The Emerging Marine Economy of the Pacific (Boston, Mass: Butterworth) pp. 61–73.Google Scholar
  8. Kaczynski, V. and Le Vieil, D. (1980) International Joint Ventures in World Fisheries: Their Distribution and Development Washington Sea Grant Technical Report 80–2 (Seattle: University of Washington) pp. 5 and 19–23.Google Scholar
  9. Kirthisingha, P. N. (1983) ‘International Policies on the Economic Resources of Deep Seabed’, Resources Policy, 9(2) pp. 77–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Ledin, H. (1978) ‘Methods of Transfer’ in F. R. Bradbury (ed.) Technology Transfer Practice of International Firms (Netherlands: Sijthoff & Noordhoff) pp. 11–20.Google Scholar
  11. Mansfield, E. (1974) ‘Technology and Technological Change’ in J. H. Dunning (ed.) Economic Analysis and the Multinational Enterprise (London: Allen & Unwin).Google Scholar
  12. ‘1984 Production Jumps, while Exploration Drops’, Offshore (May 1985) 45(5) p. 112.Google Scholar
  13. Perlmutter, H. V. (1969) ‘Emerging East-West Ventures: The Transideological Enterprise’, Columbia Journal of World Business, 4(1) pp. 9–18.Google Scholar
  14. Steade, R. D. (1978) ‘Multinational Corporations and the Changing World Economic Order’, California Management Review 21(2) pp. 5–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Van Dyke, J. M. and Teichmann, D. L. (1984) ‘Transfer of Seabed Mining Technology: A Stumbling Block to US Ratification of the Law of the Sea Convention’, Ocean Development and International Law Journal 13(4) pp. 427–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Ward’s Business Directory (1986) Major International Companies, vol. 3 (Belmont, Cal: Information Access Company) pp. 134–9.Google Scholar
  17. World Bank (1987) World Development Report (New York: Oxford University Press) pp. 202–3.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Manas Chatterji 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chennat Gopalakrishnan

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations