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The Politics of ‘Adjustment’ in Morocco

  • David Seddon
Part of the International Political Economy Series book series (IPES)

Abstract

Over the last ten years, the government of Morocco has faced a dilemma. On the one hand, the structural problems of the economy, growing pressure from the IMF and the World Bank and the influence of other powerful interests both foreign and domestic, have led the government to adopt a series of measures which add up to a familiar package involving devaluation, cuts in public expenditure, a reduction of state intervention in the economy and the encouragement of private enterprise and market forces. On the other hand, the government has found it difficult until recently to implement its ‘stabilisation’ and ‘structural adjustment’ policies with the rigour that the two international agencies, aid donors and would-be investors would have liked to see. Reasons for this difficulty include: a continuing commitment to the war in the Sahara, strong pressure from certain sections of the middle class and organised working class to maintain a certain level of state involvement in the economy, and the danger that popular protest over measures threatening the welfare of the mass of the Moroccan people will turn into serious political agitation. Since 1987, however, the government appears to have committed itself more wholeheartedly to a programme of structural reform and privatisation.

Keywords

International Monetary Fund Trade Union Public Expenditure Structural Adjustment Current Account Deficit 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 2.
    In fact, by 1959 very little remained of the resistance, particularly after the brutal suppression in January of the last rural rebellion associated with the Army of Liberation in the north of Morocco by the armed forces under crown prince Hassan. For details see Seddon, D., Moroccan Peasants: A Century of Change in the Eastern Rif. 1870–1970 (Folkestone: William Dawson, 1981) pp. 176–82.Google Scholar
  2. 9.
    Waterbury, J., The Commander of the Faithful (London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1970) p. 318.Google Scholar
  3. 10.
    Seddon, D., ‘Morocco at War’, in R. Lawless and L. Monahan (eds), War and Refugees: the Western Sahara Conflict (London and New York: Frances Pinter, 1987).Google Scholar
  4. 14.
    IBRD, Report and recommendation of the president of the IBRD to the executive directors on a proposed loan in an amount equivalent to US$100 million to the Kingdom of Morocco for an Agricultural Sector Adjustment Loan, IBRD, report no. P-4032-MOR/CNR 2590 — MOR, (Washington: 1986).Google Scholar
  5. 20.
    Seddon, D., 1988 ‘Structural adjustment and agriculture: Morocco in the 1980s’, in S. Commander (ed.), Structural Adjustment and Agriculture (forthcoming, 1988).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Bonnie K. Campbell and John Loxley 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Seddon

There are no affiliations available

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