Urbanisation and the Minority Peoples of the Soviet North

  • S. S. Savoskul


In recent years Soviet scholarship has increasingly reinforced the concept of urbanisation as a phenomenon which transcends the growth and development of towns, and is looked upon rather as a complete social process, the context of which is not just the town per se, but society as a whole.1 On the one hand, towns are regarded as ‘the most important functional element of the social system we call “society”’, where ‘all shifts in the structure of society, in its sociopolitical organisation, in its modes of intercourse and in many other respects, so to speak, “permeate” the town’.2 On the other hand, urbanisation is understood as a ‘two-way’ process, at the one pole of which is the concentration of population and activity in the towns; and at the other, the extension of this activity, of ‘urban relations’3 and the urban way of life out into the countryside.4


Urban Population Census Figure General Secondary Education Minority People Territorial Group 
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Notes and References

  1. 1.
    Yu. L. Pivovarov, Sovremennaya urbanizatsiya: Osnovnyye tendentsii rasseleniya, Moscow, 1976, pp. 16–17.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. M. Rumyantsev, ‘Urbanizatsiya i obshchestvo’, in Urbanizatsiya, nauchno-tekhnicheskaya revolyutsiya i rabochiy klass, Moscow, 1972, p. 14.Google Scholar
  3. 5.
    See, for example, Yu. V. Bromley (ed.), Sovremennyye etnicheskiye protsessy v SSSR, 2nd edn, Moscow, 1977;Google Scholar
  4. V. V. Karlov, ‘Rol’ urbanizatsii v formirovanii i razvitii sovetskogo naroda kak novoy istoricheskoy obshchnosti’, in Sotsial’nyye aspekty istorii sovetskogo naroda kak novoy sotsial’no-internatsional’noy obshehnosti lyudey, Moscow, 1982.Google Scholar
  5. 7.
    Itogi Vsesoyuznoy perepisi naseleniya 1970 goda, Moscow, 1973 (hereafter IVPN 1970), vol. 4, pp. 457 and 459–72; see also S. S. Savoskul, ‘Social and Cultural Dynamics of the Peoples of the Soviet North’, Polar Record, 19, 119, 1978, table 5, p. 139.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 9.
    G. M. Vasilevich, ‘Evenki Katangskogo rayona’, in Sibirskiy etnograficheskiy sbornik, vol. 4, Moscow, 1962, p. 120.Google Scholar
  7. 12.
    V. I. Boyko, Sotsial’noye razvitiye narodov Nizhnyego Amura, Novosibirsk, 1977, p. 94.Google Scholar
  8. 17.
    Boyko, Sotsial’noye razvitiye, p. 51; BAM i narody Severa, Novosibirsk, 1977, p. 81; V. I. Boyko and N. V. Vasil’yev, Sotsial’ no-professional’naya mobil’nost’ evenkov i evenov Yakutii, Novosibirsk, 1981, p. 85.Google Scholar
  9. 19.
    S. S. Savoskul, ‘Sotsial’no-kul’turnoye razvitiye narodov Sovetskogo Severa’, in Rasy i narody. Yezhegodnik, 8, Moscow, 1979, pp. 117–19.Google Scholar
  10. 21.
    V. N. Uvachan, Gody ravnyye vekam, Moscow, 1984, p. 260.Google Scholar
  11. 40.
    Ch. M. Taksami, ‘Izmeneniye sotsial’nogo sostava malykh narodov Dal’nego Vostoka’, Sovetskaya etnografiya, 2, 1970, pp. 72–5.Google Scholar

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© School of Slavonic and East European Studies. University of London 1989

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  • S. S. Savoskul

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