Soldiers in India

  • Mark Paffard


Soon after his return from India to London in 1889 Kipling wrote that ‘The long-haired literati of the Savile Club are swearing that I ‘invented’ my soldier talk in Soldiers Three. Seeing that not one of these critters has been within earshot of a barrack, I am naturally wrath’.1 He also wrote the set of verses bemoaning London to his friends in India, entitled ‘In Partibus’, of which the above is the final stanza. Kipling’s affection for and devotion to the army in all its aspects was life-long. In his fiction the man who ‘hogs his bristles short’ is not always a paragon of virtue, but he can be forgiven almost anything but treachery, and this includes a certain amount of brutality, coldbloodedness, and even loss of nerve and running away. His irritation with the Savile Club literati is not directed so much at the assumption that his portraits of soldiers were not founded entirely on fact — they were not, as we shall see — as at the implication that he was exploiting a novelty rather than writing from personal sympathy. Kipling’s very real interest in the army was certainly genuine, but his experience was limited to what he gathered from the officers and other ranks stationed at Fort Lahore. He possessed a ready ear and a devotion to the military virtues rather than much military knowledge.


Native Woman Opportune Moment British Soldier Moral Rectitude Lionel Trilling 
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Notes and References

  1. 1.
    Charles Carrington, Rudyard Kipling - His Life and Work (Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1970) p. 184.Google Scholar
  2. 4.
    In Rudyard Kipling, The Complete Barrack-Room Ballads (London: Methuen, 1973) p. 5.Google Scholar
  3. 12.
    Kenneth Ballhatchet, Race, Sex and Class under the Raj (London: Weidenfeld and Nicholson, 1978) p. 182.Google Scholar
  4. 14.
    J. H. Fenwick, ‘Soldiers Three’ in Andrew Rutherford (ed.), Kipling’s Mind and Art (London: Oliver & Boyd, 1964).Google Scholar
  5. 15.
    Lord Birkenhead, Rudyard Kipling (London: Weidenfeld & Nicholson, 1978) p. 70.Google Scholar
  6. 17.
    Kipling’ in Elliott L. Gilbert (ed.), Kipling and the Critics (London: Peter Owen, 1966) p. 95.Google Scholar
  7. 19.
    Adrian Poole, Gissing in Context (London: Macmillan, 1975) p. 23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Mark Paffard 1989

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  • Mark Paffard

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