Amul Dairy: the foundation

  • Geeta Somjee
  • A. H. Somjee


Amul designed the framework within which the cooperative dairy movement in India evolved. It thus built not only the structure of ‘cooperative’ for the dairy movement, but also made it highly pragmatic for its adaptation in other parts of India and in developing countries in general. With its enormous success also came a few problems, both foreseen and unforeseen. Some of these were due to a partial loss of its early élan and a declining commitment to pursue, doggedly, the intractable problem of rural poverty with the help of the one single weapon at its disposal, namely cooperative dairying. Nevertheless, what it did achieve, and is still struggling to achieve, in rural areas will go down in history as one of the greatest triumphs of post-independence India. Its achievements and limitations also furnish us with an insight into all that is possible, and difficult, in reaching out to the poor in a developing society.


Milk Producer Rural Community Public Institution Agricultural Income Cooperative Organization 
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Notes and References

  1. 1.
    See in this connection ‘The Techno-Managerial and Politico-Managerial Classes in a Milk Cooperative of India’ by A. H. Somjee in Journal of Asian and African Studies, XVII 1–2 (1982) pp. 122–134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 4.
    ‘Social Structure and Peasant Economy’ by Raymond Firth in Subsistence Agriculture and Economic Development, edited by Clifton Wharton (Chicago: Aldine Publishing Co. 1969) p. 35.Google Scholar
  3. 5.
    ‘Cooperative Dairying and Profiles of Social Change in India’ by A. H. Somjee and Geeta Somjee in Economic Development and Cultural Change, 1978.Google Scholar
  4. 6.
    Geeta Somjee, Narrowing the Gender Gap (London: Macmillan, 1989).Google Scholar
  5. 7.
    Quoted by Samuel P. Huntington and Joan M. Nelson in No Easy Choice: Political Participation in Developing Countries (Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1976) p. 2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Geeta Somjee & A. H. Somjee 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Geeta Somjee
    • 1
  • A. H. Somjee
    • 1
  1. 1.West VancouverCanada

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