The Decline of the Counter-Culture



In attempting to analyse the decline of the counter-culture, a decline which was brought about by a multitude of external and internal factors, one might most usefully begin by examining the fortunes of the British commune movement of the 1960s which, at least in theory, had the potential to provide viable institutions for the alternative society.


Federation Fund Capitalist Society Communal Living Selene Community Underground Press 
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  1. 1.
    M. Fleming, The Anarchist Way to Socialism: Elisée Reclus and Nineteenth-Century European Socialism (London, 1979) p. 55.Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    Some excellent studies of earlier commune movements may be found in W. H. G. Armytage, Heavens Below: Utopian Experiments in England, 1560–1960 (London, 1961);Google Scholar
  3. K. Rexroth, Communalism: From its Origins to the Twentieth Century (New York, 1974);Google Scholar
  4. D. Hardy, Alternative Communities in Nineteenth-Century England (London, 1979);Google Scholar
  5. and of course, M. Buber’s classic work, Paths in Utopia (London, 1949).Google Scholar
  6. 4.
    A. Rigby, Alternative Realities: A Study of Communes and Their Members (London, 1974) p. 98.Google Scholar
  7. 86.
    M. Rowe (ed.), Spare Rib Reader (Harmondsworth, Middx, 1984) p. 13.Google Scholar

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© Elizabeth Nelson 1989

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