Hedging is the purchasing of an asset or portfolio of assets in order to insure against wealth fluctuations from other sources. A hedge portfolio is any asset or collection of assets purchased by one or more agents for hedging. A grain dealer may hedge against losses on an inventory of grain by selling grain futures; a Middle Eastern businessman may hedge against political turmoil (and the resulting losses) by buying gold; a pension fund may hedge against capital losses on its equity portfolio by buying stock index put options.
KeywordsPension Fund Future Contract Market Maker Portfolio Insurance Riskless Asset
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