Fitzgerald came from a wealthy, landed background and remained provincial throughout his life, which he spent mostly at Woodbridge, Suffolk. He is chiefly notable for his translation of the Rubáiyát of Omar Khayyám (1859), and for his letters to famous literary friends. He knew Thackeray, Tennyson and Carlyle, and preferred to correspond with them rather than meet them. His letters display his kindly, sympathetic temperament, and their anecdotes afford biographers a source of valuable information for the period and its personalities.
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