The Crisis in History Teaching
In the Soviet Union history is taught in schools on the basis of a standard syllabus and standard series of textbooks in each of the fifteen republics. ‘Fifty million pupils are being taught’, an educationalist complained, ‘and for every group and every year there is one single textbook’.1 In higher education establishments, the main courses also follow standard textbooks on general and Soviet history and the history of the Communist Party.
KeywordsSoviet Period School Textbook School History History Teaching European History
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Notes and References
- 1.Voprosy istorii, no. 3, 1988, p. 26 (G. V. Klokova, head of a laboratory on history teaching in the Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of the USSR).Google Scholar
- 2.See J. Muckle, A Guide to the Soviet Curriculum: What the Russian Child is Taught in School (London, 1988), pp. 129–41. These were previously forms IX and X.Google Scholar
- 4.Literaturnaya gazeta, February 17, 1988 (V. Orlov). Apparently all textbooks written in the republics ‘have to be taken to Moscow for approval’ (Sovetskaya Litva, August 14, 1988).Google Scholar
- 5.Voprosy istorii, no. 3,1988, p. 26 (G. V. Klokova).Google Scholar
- See also the comment by G. Nikanorov, a school teacher, in Sovetskaya kul’tura, April 14, 1988.Google Scholar
- 6.Izvestiya, June 10, 1988 (I. Ovchinnikova).Google Scholar
- 11.Pravda, July 19, 1988 (L. Leonova, head of Department of History of CPSU(b), Faculty of History, Moscow University).Google Scholar
- 12.Voprosy istorii, no. 6, 1988, pp. 104–6 (A. I. Ovcharenko).Google Scholar
- 13.Literaturnaya gazeta, May 4, 1988 (V. Amlinskii).Google Scholar
- 23.The first, by Viktor Listov, appeared in Literaturnaya gazeta, July 13, 1988, and dealt with 1917–27; the second, byGoogle Scholar
- G. Boryugov and V. Kozlov, appeared in Literaturnaya gazeta, October 12, 1988, and dealt with 1928–37.Google Scholar