Advertisement

Women’s Employment and Multinationals in the UK: Restructuring and Flexibility

  • Ruth Pearson
Chapter

Abstract

Since World War II the UK has been both a major importer and a major exporter of capital. Multinational companies, both British-owned and foreign-owned, play a major role in the manufacturing sector. Foreign multinationals account for an increasing proportion of manufacturing employment. Between 1971 and 1981 employment in foreign-owned enterprises in the UK rose by 50 per cent, to reach 15 per cent of total manufacturing employment. A recent estimate suggests that employment in UK-owned manufacturing multinationals accounted for about 24 per cent, so that the total share of multinationals in UK manufacturing employment in the early 1980s was about 39 per cent (Stopford and Turner, 1985, pp. 12, 187).

Keywords

Labour Force Foreign Investment Foreign Firm Female Employment Foreign Ownership 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. P. Blackburn, ‘The Impact of Multinational Companies on the Spatial Organisation of Developed Nations’, in M. Taylor and N. Thrift (eds) The Geography of Multinationals (Beckenham: Croom helm, 1982).Google Scholar
  2. J. Cardoso and K. J. Khoo, ‘Workers in Electronics Runaways: The Case of Malaysia’, Paper presented to Conference on Subordination of Women, Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, 1978.Google Scholar
  3. W. Daniel and N. Milward, Work Place Industrial Relations in Britain (London: Heinemann, 1983).Google Scholar
  4. P. Elias, ‘Labour Supply and Employment Opportunities for Women’, in R. Lindley (ed.) Economic Change and Employment Policy (London: Macmillan, 1980).Google Scholar
  5. F. Gaffkin and A. Nickson, Job Crisis and the Multinationals: Deindustrialisation in the West Midlands (Birmingham: Trade Union Resource Centre, 1983).Google Scholar
  6. R. Grossman, ‘Women’s Place in the Integrated Circuit’, South East Asia Chronicle (joint issue with Pacific Research), vol. 19 (1979) no. 5.Google Scholar
  7. C. Hakim, Occupational Segregation, Department of Employment Research Paper no. 9 (London: HMSO, 1979).Google Scholar
  8. N. Hood and S. Young, Multinational Investment Strategies in the British Isles (London: HMSO, 1983).Google Scholar
  9. R. Hudson, ‘Regional Development Policies and Female Employment’, Area, vol. 12 (1980) no. 3.Google Scholar
  10. T. Killick, ‘Employment in Foreign-owned Manufacturing Plants’, British Business, 26 November 1982.Google Scholar
  11. Labour Research, January 1980.Google Scholar
  12. M. Maguire, ‘Recruitment as a Means of Control’, in K. Purcell, S. Wood, A. Waton and S. Allen (eds) The Changing Experience of Employment: Restructuring and Recession (London: Macmillan, 1986).Google Scholar
  13. J. Martin and C. Roberts, Women and Employment: A Lifetime Perspective (London: HMSO, 1984).Google Scholar
  14. D. Massey, ‘Industrial Restructuring and Class Restructuring’, Regional Studies, vol. 13 (1983) pp. 223–43.Google Scholar
  15. K. Morgan, ‘Reindustrialisation in Peripheral Britain: State Policy, the Space Economy and Industrial Innovation’, in R. Martin and B. Rowthorn (eds) The Geography of Deindustrialisation (London: Macmillan, 1986).Google Scholar
  16. K. Morgan and A. Sayer, ‘The International Electronics Industry and Regional Development in Britain’, University of Sussex Urban and Regional Studies Working Paper no. 34, 1983.2QGoogle Scholar
  17. K. Morgan and A. Sayer, ‘A Modern Industry in a Mature Region: The Remaking of Management and Labour Relations’, University of Sussex, mimeo, 1984.Google Scholar
  18. R. Pearson, ‘Female Workers in First and Third Worlds: The “Greening” of Women’s Labour’, in K. Purcell, S. Woods, A. Waton and S. Allen (eds) The Changing Experience of Employment: Restructuring and Recession (London: Macmillan, 1986).Google Scholar
  19. R. Pearson, ‘Women Workers in Mexico’s Border Industries’, in D. Elson (ed.) Male Bias in the Development Process (Manchester University Press, forthcoming).Google Scholar
  20. L. Soete and G. Dosi, Technology and Employment in the Electronics Industry (London: Frances Pinter, 1983).Google Scholar
  21. J. M. Stopford, Employment Effects of Multinational Enterprises in the United Kingdom, Multinational Enterprises Working Paper no. 5 (Geneva: ILO, 1979).Google Scholar
  22. J. M. Stopford and L. Turner, Britain and the Multinationals (London: Wiley, 1985).Google Scholar
  23. A. Townsend and F. W. Peck, ‘The Role of Foreign Manufacturing in Britain’s Great Recession’, in M. Taylor and N. Thrift (eds) Multinationals and the Restructuring of the World Economy (Beckenham: Croom Helm, 1986).Google Scholar
  24. Y-L. Wong, ‘“Oriental Female”, “Nimble-Fingered Lassie”: The Ghettoisation of Women Workers in the Electronics Industry’, M. Phil. Dissertation, Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, 1983.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Diane Elson and Ruth Pearson 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ruth Pearson

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations