The Basic Structure and Authorities of Local Governments
The Japanese have an affinity for neat, clean, and relatively disciplined structures of government, and the nature of their 1947 Constitution has permitted them to carry that discipline into the design of local governments. The basic structure and authorities of prefectures and municipalities have been defined not by those governments themselves, but by a series of national laws which mandate essentially the same institutional architecture at all three levels. A look at prefectures will illustrate the point.
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