The Concepts and Structure of Local Government
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Prior to World War II, local governments had little or no independence and were generally treated as administrative arms of the national government. There was no basic constitutional recognition of local governments, and their legal existence rested on a few basic statutes — one for prefectures, one for cities, one for counties (abolished in 1921), and one for towns and villages. Governors of prefectures were local agents of the national government appointed by the Emperor and responsible to him. All local governments were supervised by the powerful Ministry of Home Affairs on most matters, and by other ministries (i.e. Transport, Education, Agriculture) where relevant.
KeywordsLocal Government National Government Chief Executive Public Program Home Affair
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