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The Concepts and Structure of Local Government

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Abstract

Prior to World War II, local governments had little or no independence and were generally treated as administrative arms of the national government. There was no basic constitutional recognition of local governments, and their legal existence rested on a few basic statutes — one for prefectures, one for cities, one for counties (abolished in 1921), and one for towns and villages. Governors of prefectures were local agents of the national government appointed by the Emperor and responsible to him. All local governments were supervised by the powerful Ministry of Home Affairs on most matters, and by other ministries (i.e. Transport, Education, Agriculture) where relevant.

Keywords

Local Government National Government Chief Executive Public Program Home Affair 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Sources

  1. BINGMAN, CHARLES F., “Public Administration in Japan: Japanese Public Sector Productivity and Workforce Management”, Washington, DC: Occasional paper published by the US National Academy of Public Administration, December, 1984.Google Scholar
  2. DIMOCK, MARSHALL E., The Japanese Technocracy, New York: Walker/Weatherhill, 1968.Google Scholar
  3. INSTITUTE OF ADMINISTRATIVE MANAGEMENT (Tokyo, Japan), “Administrative Management in Japan”, Public Administration Series No. 1, March, 1982.Google Scholar
  4. “Local Autonomy Law”, Tokyo: Jichi Sogo Center, 1986.Google Scholar
  5. “Local Government and Regional Development in Japan”, Tokyo: Jichi Sogo Center, April, 1985.Google Scholar
  6. “Local Public Administration in Japan”, Tokyo: Jichi Sogo Center, April, 1984.Google Scholar
  7. REED, STEVEN R., Japanese Prefectures and Policymaking, Pittsburgh, Pa. University of Pittsburgh Press, 1986.Google Scholar
  8. SHINDO, MUNEYUKI, “Relations Between National Government and Local Government in Japan”, article; publisher unknown.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Charles F. Bingman 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Government and Business AdministrationThe George Washington UniversityUSA

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