While there is much disagreement as to the degree to which genes or environment determine the individual, there is no doubt that human personality amounts to the sum of the two influences. The young male child, Charles Stewart Addis, who was born to the Rev. and Mrs Thomas Addis in Edinburgh on 23 November 1861, was generously endowed in both respects. From his parents he inherited high intelligence and good looks; from his environment he absorbed classical learning and the cultural self-confidence characteristic of the high Victorian era. Although Addis left school at the age of 16, he soon became part of a firm which provided him with the skills and contacts which made possible his future success.
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