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The Military in South African Politics

  • J. E. Spence

Abstract

In the early 1970s it was fashionable, following Heribert Adam’s seminal analysis, to define South Africa’s ruling elites — whether in business, the parastatal corporations, the senior echelons of the civil service, or the military — as a modernising technocracy, ‘an increasingly unshakeable oligarchy’ capable of internal liberalisation through a process of ‘gradual deracialisation and economic concessions’.1 Their capacity to manage change without provoking a crisis of expectations was regarded as falsifying the widely-held assumption that ‘mounting internal tension will make a violent revolutionary change inevitable’.2

Keywords

Foreign Affair South African Institute National Intelligence Black Township Total Strategy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    H. Adam, Modernizing Racial Domination (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1971), pp. 181–2.Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    D. Geldenhuys, The Diplomacy of Isolation: South African Foreign Policy Making (Johannesburg: Macmillan for the South African Institute of International Affairs, 1984), p. 79.Google Scholar
  3. 4.
    R. S. Jaster, Southern Africa’s Narrowing Security Options (London: International Institute for Strategic Studies, Adelphi Paper 159, 1980), pp. 27–8.Google Scholar
  4. 6.
    J. Hanlon, Beggar Your Neighbours — Apartheid Power in Southern Africa (London: James Currey for the Catholic Institute of International Relations, 1986), p. 8.Google Scholar
  5. 20.
    H. Adam and K. Moodley, South Africa Without Apartheid (Berkeley, University of California Press, 1986) p. 67.Google Scholar
  6. 23.
    T. C. Schelling, Arms and Influence (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1966), p. 72.Google Scholar
  7. 24.
    J. Barratt, ‘The Outlook for Namibian Independence: Some Domestic Constraints’, International Affairs Bulletin, vol. 71, no. 1, 1983, p. 23.Google Scholar
  8. 25.
    R. M. Price, ‘Pretoria’s Southern African Strategy’, African Affairs, vol. 83, no. 330, 1984, pp. 11–32.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© David Davies Memorial Institute of International Studies 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. E. Spence

There are no affiliations available

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