The Military in South African Politics

  • J. E. Spence


In the early 1970s it was fashionable, following Heribert Adam’s seminal analysis, to define South Africa’s ruling elites — whether in business, the parastatal corporations, the senior echelons of the civil service, or the military — as a modernising technocracy, ‘an increasingly unshakeable oligarchy’ capable of internal liberalisation through a process of ‘gradual deracialisation and economic concessions’.1 Their capacity to manage change without provoking a crisis of expectations was regarded as falsifying the widely-held assumption that ‘mounting internal tension will make a violent revolutionary change inevitable’.2


Foreign Affair South African Institute National Intelligence Black Township Total Strategy 
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Copyright information

© David Davies Memorial Institute of International Studies 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. E. Spence

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