Quantitative and Qualitative Factors in National Policies for Science and Technology
Since World War II policies for science and technology in the OECD countries have gone through several different phases. In the immediate post-war period attitudes were still very heavily influenced by the experiences of the war itself, in which there was an unprecedented mobilisation of scientific and technical resources for the development of new and improved weapon systems. During this first period the emphasis was very strongly on the “supply side” of the science-technology system and especially on building up a strong R&D capability. This period corresponded to the needs of recovery and reconstruction after World War II, as well as to the implications of the Cold War which meant that in many countries, but especially in the larger ones, defence R&D continued in a very large scale. The “economic” ministries generally took no responsibility for science and technology and had little to say about it.
KeywordsOECD Country Citation Analysis Small Country Technology Policy Japanese Firm
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