Chimpanzees, Gorillas, Fictionalization

  • Michael L. Johnson


If research on the child’s acquisition of language is blocked by an invisibility, what about research, still quite controversial, on the acquisition of human language by chimpanzees and gorillas? There is an invisibility there too — but partly of a different kind.


Nonhuman Primate Vocal Tract American Sign Human Language Arbitrary Sign 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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    Semenovich Vygotsky, Thought and Language ed. and trans. Eugenia Hanfmann and Gertrude Vakar (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1962), pp. 33–41 passim.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Herbert S. Terrace, Nim: A Chimpanzee Who Learned Sign Language (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1979).Google Scholar
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    Steven Rose, The Conscious Brain, updated edn (New York: Random House, Vintage Books, 1976), p. 22.Google Scholar
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    Duane M. Rumbaugh, Language Learning by a Chimpanzee: The Lana Project (New York: Academic Press, 1977).Google Scholar
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    Francine Patterson, ‘Conversations with a Gorilla’, National Geographic, 154 (1978), 464.Google Scholar
  7. 11.
    Biruté M. F. Galdikas, ‘Living with the Great Orange Apes’, National Geographic, 157 (1980), 839.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Michael L. Johnson 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael L. Johnson
    • 1
  1. 1.University of KansasUK

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